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General Pediatrics, Adolescent Medicine

and Neonatology

The therapeutic spectrum of the Department of General Pediatrics, Adolescent Medicine and Neonatology consists of treatment and diagnostics for gastrointestinal tract diseases, congenital and acquired immune system diseases, including AIDS, kidney and urinary system diseases, artificial dialysis, ambulatory follow-ups before and after a kidney transplantation, rheumatic and autoimmune diseases.

The section of endocrinology, metabolism and diabetes uses the most up-to-date developments in the treatment of inborn metabolic disorders, diabetes type 1, congenital and acquired hormonal impairments.

Our section of allergology and pulmonology is engaged in the treatment of pulmonology and allergic diseases and also in the management of cystic fibrosis (mucoviscidosis).


Diagnostics & Treatment Services

Pediatric gastroenterology at the Center for Pediatrics covers the entire treatment spectrum for children and adolescents with stomach, bowel and liver symptoms and diseases. State-of-the-art endoscopy equipment is available for patients of all ages. One focus is the treatment of chronic inflammatory bowel disease, as well as other chronic illnesses such as celiac disease. An examination is especially advisable as a second opinion, to confirm a diagnosis and optimize treatment using the latest medicinal options.

  • Every endoscopic technique is employed (over 500/year performed)
    – Gastroduodenal endoscopy (with intervention measures (hemostasis))
    – Colonoscopy
    – Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)
    – Dilatation of stenoses
    – Ligation of esophageal varices
  • Chronic inflammatory bowel disease
    – Diagnosis

    • Imaging (MRI and Contrast X-ray)
    • Endoscopy with biopsy
    • Laboratory analysis

    – Nutritional therapy
    – Medicinal therapy, especially during relapse
    – Treatment for chronic constipation
  • Liver disease
    – Diagnosis (biopsy, genetics, laboratory diagnostics)
    – Treatment (e.g. Hepatitis C)
    – Care of chronic liver disease (portal hypertension)

The allergology/pulmonology and cystic fibrosis team covers the care of the entire spectrum of congenital or acquired diseases in this field. Every diagnostic option is available. An examination is especially advisable in cases of enigmatic lung diseases. Another focus is insecticide diagnostics and immunotherapy.

Patients can also come for allergy and asthma follow-up examinations. Polysomnography makes it possible to assess gas exchange disorders during sleep. In cases of severe gas exchange disorders, home mechanical ventilation (HMV) can be initiated and monitored.

Diagnostic options:

  • Cystic fibrosis (certified center)
  • Allergy testing
  • Whole-body plethysmography
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Diffusion measurement
  • Treadmill, methacholine challenge testing
  • Nitrogen monoxide measurement
  • Ussing chamber for cystic fibrosis diagnosis
  • Cilia diagnostics
  • Lung clearance index (LCI)
  • Polysomnography and home mechanical ventilation monitoring

The team led by Prof. Dr. Schwab and Dr. van der Werf-Grohmann treats patients with a variety of endocrine diseases, especially short stature or delayed puberty (diagnosis and treatment, follow-up), lipometabolic disorders, thyroid diseases (diagnosis and treatment, follow-up) and obesity. Another focus is optimizing diabetes treatment through appropriate check-ups and counseling, and the latest insulin pump provision options (prevention of late complications).

Inborn errors of metabolism

A large group is working on the diagnosis and treatment of congenital metabolic disorders. Especially in infants with non-specific organ diseases, the possibility of congenital metabolic disorders must be considered.

Genetic and biochemical analysis, for example:

  • MCAD, LCHAD/MTP carnitine transporter deficiency
  • VLCAD, CPT I, CACT (carnitine acylcarnitine carrier/translocase)
  • SCAD, CPT II, ETFA/ETFB/ETFDH (Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency)
  • Acylcarnitines and free carnitine (serum/plasma, urine)
  • Adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity in erythrocytes (EDTA blood)
  • Amino acid quality (urine, serum)

Sending a patient's blood/serum/urine for diagnosis before an examination is advisable.

Prof. Hufnagel is a pediatric rheumatologist specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of childhood rheumatic diseases. Targeted treatment is only possible through accurate diagnosis of a specific rheumatologic disease. Treatment with modern biological agents requires regular checks of the effect and assimilation of the medication.

Another focus is recurrent fever syndromes, which today are exactly classifiable and for which there are several therapeutic options.

As an infectiologist, Prof. Hufnagel oversees all childhood infectious diseases. His special interests include chronic infections such as those of the bones and joints, tuberculosis and atypical mycobacteriosis. Moreover, he offers advice on vaccinations of all kinds, including travel vaccinations.

  • Rheumatologist/Infectiologist/vaccinations
  • Inflammatory joint and bone diseases
    – e.g. Borrelia arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, incl. psoriatic arthritis, chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis
  • Inflammation of blood vessels (vasculitis)
  • Inflammation of skin or connective tissue
    – Connective tissue diseases, systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile dermatomyositis
  • Internal inflammation of the eye (uveitis)
  • Relapsing fever syndromes
    – e.g. Familial Mediterranean fever
  • Rare chronic infections
  • – e.g. Tuberculosis, non-tuberculous mycobacteria
  • Vaccination advice, incl. travel vaccinations

This department is a center for special genetic bone diseases such as osteogenesis imperfecta or achondroplasia, metabolic bone diseases and rare skeletal dysplasias. Both clinical and genetic diagnosis are offered.

It is possible to send X-ray images for assessment, then subsequently a targeted genetic examination and patient examination can be carried out.

The Center is involved in international skeletal dysplasia networks.


Statistics

hepatology patients per year4800
endoscopies per year500

Our physicians

  • Prof. Dr. Ute Spiekerkötter

    Medical Director

  • Prof. Dr. Patrick Gerner

    Chief physician

  • Prof. Dr. Karl Otfried Schwab

    Endocrinology/ Diabetology

  • Prof. Dr. Markus Hufnagel

    Rheumatology/ Immunology

  • PD Dr. Ekkehart Lausch

    Head of Genetic diseases

  • Prof. Dr. Andrea Heinzmann

    Pneumology/ Allergology